The Kharkov state Circus
The Kharkov circus is one of najstarejnshh and avtoritetnejshih establishments of the given profile in Ukraine. The circus history develops of a number of nice pages that gives the chance to us to be proud by right of achievements of many generations of actors and workers of circus.
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Recent archival finds testify that the first heated wooden circuses have started to appear in our city from the beginning of 60th years 19 go centuries.
However, it is considered to be, that the stationary circus first on the present in Kharkov was the circus of known Austrian businessman Albert Salamonskogo (the owner and the founder of the Moscow circus in Color parkway).
Also in a city circuses of brothers Godfrua, as A.Fjurrera, brothers Nikitinyh, CHinizelli and others worked at various times.
But the main thing consists not in dates, and in really nice creative job of such coryphaeuses of pre-revolutionary circus, as A.Salamonsky, brothers Nikitiny, duet Bim-Bom, brothers of Century And A.Durovy, I.Poddubnyj and a number of other actors and circus fighters.
Gradually out-of-date wooden buildings were replaced by the capital. In the beginning of 20th century in 1906 circus Grikke building, and in 1911 circus Mussuri building (saved to this day) has been constructed. New buildings have given powerful spur interest to a circus art.
Thus Kharkov became one of few cities in Europe in which simultaneously worked on two stationary brick buildings.
For the sake of justice it is necessary to notice, that in circus buildings also theatrical companies, therefore these buildings sometimes worked circuses-theatres were called.
After revolution Kharkov as the capital, continued to correspond to the highest level in circus art sphere.
In 30th years major repairs with completion of the Kharkov circus (former circus Grikke) have been made. The building dome has been completely replaced.
Nowadays in him the Ukrainian management on preparation of circus attractions and numbers operates.
In the former building of circus Mussuri long years the Kharkov theatre of light opera (nowadays it is in an emergency status) worked.
In 1932 the circus was headed by the outstanding figure of a circus art the deserved art worker USSR Fred Dmitrievich JAshinov (1901-1987). It was the director of circus till 1982. In parallel it supervised over summer Dnepropetrovsk circus, the capital building constructed under its management in post-war years.
At F.D.Jashinova's direct participation, since 30th years many new numbers, attractions and the whole programs have been prepared.
It has given a start in life to the outstanding actress, the national actress of the USSR, the Hero of Socialist work, harkovchanke to Irina Nikolaevne Bugrimovoj - the first Soviet trainer of predatory animals. Today the area on which there is a new Kharkov circus carries it имя:. By March, 2010, to the 100 anniversary from the date of its birth it is planned to establish a monument in its honour.
Walls of the Kharkov circus left such outstanding actors as the trainer of lions the national actor of RSFSR A.Buslaev (first husband I.Bugrimovoj), the honoured artist of RSFSR K.Berman - the known clown who was born in cash desk of circus, the virtuoso-equilibrist - the honoured artist of RSFSR P.Majatsky, which life many years has been connected with Kharkov, the headed 1st Ukrainian national circus collective prepared and vypushennyj on an arena of the Kharkov circus.
Main the director of the Kharkov circus were S.M.odnopozov, with 1953 on 1974 of - the candidate of art criticism E.M.Ziskind (further the director of the Kharkov branch of All-Union management for preparation of circus programs, attractions and numbers), with 1974 on 1994 of the deserved art worker USSR, the known director of mass shows V.S.Gamerov, with 1994 on 2001 of - A.A.Zhitnitsky.
On an arena of the Kharkov circus for the first time there was on an arena in a role of the clown-kovernogo in the future a national actor of the USSR, «the solar clown» O.Popov.
In 1974 the Kharkov circus has moved to a new building on which arena the first representation on April, 9th has been given.
It is difficult to list all great actors who worked here, here some names: national actors of the USSR J.Nikulin, V.Filatov, H.Zaripov, I.Kantemirov, M.Zapashnyj, L. And V.Shevchenko, the Pencil (M.Rumjantsev), national actors of Russia of V.Zapashnyj, M.Shujdin, T and J.Kukes, V.Shemshur J.Averino, J.Kuklachev, A.Marcheveky, E.Majhrovsky, E.Beljauzr, S.Ignatov, A.Visetaev, T.Nugzarov, J.Merdenov, S.Begbudi, J.Durov, B.Birjukov and many other things.
Practically all outstanding actors of the Soviet circus acted on our arena.
Today the Kharkov circus is a smithy of creative shots for the Ukrainian circus.
For last ten years numbers of various genres, in particular are let out: «Air flight» p/r S.Manchuka, «Air flight» p/r S.Kovalenko, «Parternyj flight» p/r S.Shatalov, «Flight without a grid» p/r M.Sevrjukova, "Game with switches ORRO ", "Free dressura a pony " p/r A.Spektora of number of jugglers, equestrians, acrobats. In September, 2008 release of new number "Akrabaty on a trampoline " under the guidance of E.Zaharova has taken place.
In circus the new attraction «the Trained lions» p/r is prepared by A.Pinko, its premiere has taken place in September, 2006. This attraction is devoted I.N.Bugrimovoj's memory.
The Kharkov circus remains a liked place of leisure harkovchan and visitors of a city where spectators invariably receive an optimism charge where cheerful jokes, dizzy tricks, «brothers smaller» please ours: the art also give to people good mood!